Found on the Niagara Escarpment, this nature reserve contains outcroppings of exposed bedrock that are 500 million to 435 million years old, making it of keen interest to geologists. Other unusual geological features include a subsurface karst pavement. The rock in such a pavement has weathered through naturally occurring acids. The Hope Bay Forest features spring wildflowers, and a selection of many types of fern. Hope Bay Forest is part of the Niagara Escarpment Parks System and the Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve. There are no visitor facilities. The area is best suited for hiking and nature appreciation. The Bruce Trail passes through here. Visitors are reminded that the natural habitat is very fragile.